Texas Forts Trail Region

Participant in the Texas Historical Commission's
Texas Heritage Trails Program

Buffalo Gap

High hills of the Callahan Divide run for 26 miles just south of Abilene. Centuries of buffalo herds migrated through a gap in the divide. Apache and Comanche followed them there, and so did white buffalo hunters by the 1870s. Cowboys traversed the gap, driving cattle along the Great Western Trail near where the village of Buffalo Gap sprang up in the mid-1800s. Slip on your boots and experience the last 50 years of the Texas frontier at Buffalo Gap Historic Village. A dozen-plus restored structures and thousands of artifacts recreate life from 1875 to 1925. Check out the Indian arrowhead and frontier weapons collections in the 1879 Taylor County Courthouse and jail. Learn about medicine from 1900 in the doctor’s office. Picture a school day at the 1930s two-room Cottonwood Flat School. Peruse the pioneer log cabin, railroad depot, blacksmith shop, bank and gas station. Or learn history at one of Buffalo Gap’s many educational and living history events. You can even overnight at two historic homes across from the village.