Texas Forts Trail Region

Participant in the Texas Historical Commission's
Texas Heritage Trails Program

Brownwood: Brown County Museum of History

In the early 1900s, cotton was king, and Brownwood was the major cotton-buying center west of Fort Worth. The economy burgeoned in the 1920s during an oil boom and again during World War II with the construction of Camp Bowie, a vast military training installation. The Brown County Museum of History interprets these and other aspects of local history.


  • 212 North Broadway
  • Brownwood, Texas
  • 76801


Hours & Fees

  • Thu–Fri 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. & Sat 10 a.m. to 4 p.m.

  • Adults and Children (Ages 6 and up) $3, Chilren (Ages 5 and younger): Free, Seniors (65+) and Military w/ID: $2

Map & Directions

The Brown County Museum (formerly the old Brown County Jail) is located near the Brown County Courthouse and resembles an ancient European castle in its design. The fortress-like Romanesque Revival jail was completed in 1903 by Englishman stonemason William F. Morton and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The building has 4 stories with the third floor containing a trap door and lever for executions. Today the building is one of the most impressive structures in West Central Texas, conveying fortress-like strength and romantic medieval military tradition. 

The Museum’s Education Center, located across the street at 209 N. Broadway, maintains an extensive collection of history from Camp Bowie’s WWII with artifacts, photos and POW Camp history. Also, it maintains Brown County’s history beginning with the Plains Indians and ending with the WWII victory. Additionally, there is a Kidz Zone with hands-on artifacts from our rich heritage.